Tumors of the base of the skull

Tumors of the base of the skull


Skull Base Tumors

A tumor can affect any part of the body, and the base of the skull is one of those susceptible areas. Skull base tumors are considered rare and complex due to several reasons, including the presence of numerous important nerves and blood vessels in this region. These nerves and vessels can produce many distressing symptoms when affected. Therefore, treating skull base tumors requires precise diagnosis and effective treatment by a specialized medical team.

Types of Skull Base Tumors

Skull base tumors can be categorized into benign and malignant tumors, also known as cancers. Benign tumors grow slowly, show symptoms gradually, and do not have the ability to invade surrounding tissues or spread to other parts of the body. On the other hand, malignant tumors grow rapidly and can invade surrounding tissues and different body parts.

  • Benign Tumors

Several benign tumors can affect the base of the skull, including:


  1. Meningioma.
  2. Osteoma.
  3. Angiofibroma.
  4. Chordoma.
  5. Schwannoma.

  • Malignant Tumors


There are various malignant tumors that can affect the base of the skull, such as:


  1. Neuroblastoma.
  2. Squamous Cell Carcinoma.
  3. Malignant Schwannoma.
  4. Sarcoma.


Symptoms of Brain Tumors


The presence of skull base tumors leads to many distressing symptoms, which include:


  • Persistent headache.
  • Seizures.
  • Difficulty in balance and changes in hormone levels.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Memory impairment.
  • Changes in the patient’s personality.
  • Feeling of weakness and fatigue.
  • Difficulty in speaking, hearing loss, and ringing in the ears.
  • Dizziness and changes in various senses.
  • Epileptic seizures and difficulty concentrating.


Diagnosis Methods for Brain Tumors


There are various methods to diagnose skull base tumors. After taking a detailed medical and family history from the patient and conducting a physical examination, the doctor may request some tests to confirm the diagnosis. These tests include:


  • MRI and CT scans of the brain.
  • Sensory tests such as hearing tests.
  • Comprehensive neurological examination and brainstem response tests.
  • Diagnostic brain Angiography.
  • Biopsy of brain tissue.

The surgical procedures for the removal of skull base tumors have significantly advanced, allowing surgeons to remove the tumors effectively and safely. This has increased patient confidence in these operations. However, it should be noted that to achieve the best possible results from the surgery, collaboration among doctors from various specialties is essential to ensure complete tumor removal.


You can now book an appointment with Dr. Yousry El Hamili, Professor of Neurosurgery and Spinal Surgery, who has extensive experience in treating these tumors. You can contact us through the text messaging service available on our website, and our medical team will respond to you as soon as possible.